Sleeping disorders

Man Having Trouble SleepingInsomnia:

Insomnia can have a negative effect on your overall quality of life. An insomniac will feel tired constantly, feeling sluggish or lethargic and finding it difficult to concentrate at work or social functions.


There are three types of insomnia:

Transient insomnia, which only lasts for a short duration of time, and manifests as an interruption in sleep pattern, due to worry, bereavement, jet lag etc.

 Secondary insomnia is secondary to another disorder such as depression, pain, drug abuse, anxiety.

Primary insomnia which origin is unknown, the patient needs to learn to sleep and challenge negative cognition.

People can experience insomnia in different ways such as:  initial sleep difficulties when finding difficult to fall asleep, intermediate sleep difficulties, awaken during night, or early morning awakening, when the patient wakes up early, unrefreshed and not able to go back to sleep.

Night Terrors:

Night terrors are not fully understood but associated with increased brain activity when stage 4 sleep moves toward REM sleep. Not nightmares as they occur during non-REM sleep within an hour going to sleep. Children can outgrow night terrors but often happens in adulthood.  Persistent fear or terror that occurs at night. Screaming, gasping etc. whilst asleep or the patient awakens. Sweating. Most have amnesia for the event or vague sense of frightening images. Rapid heart rate, eyes can be open, difficult to wake them and takes time to fully awake, difficult to comfort. Patients suffering night terrors wake up tired, unrefreshed.

Emotional tension, conflict, stress, alcohol, withdrawal from addictive drugs, medication, being over-tired, eating heavy meal before bed, illness, playing video games before bed can trigger night terrors.


Nightmares are usually happen during REM sleep, dreams are essential to remain psychologically healthy but can become a burden if they turn into nightmares. There are different theories about why we dream, some research suggests it is information processing and can become intense after stressful periods. Other research suggest dreams are purely a physiological function to develop and preserve the brain neural pathways and dream is a result of spontaneous neural activity.

Possible Solution with Hypnotherapy uses different approaches to deal with nightmares, which can include dream therapy.

Possible Solutions with Hypnotherapy aims to make essential changes to the subconscious mind’s perceptions and ideas, changing any negative associations that may disrupt the ability of the patient to fall or stay asleep, such as an inability to just relax and let go of the day’s worries. It can help to organise sleep patterns, prepare the mind to rest before sleep, and encourage positive, beneficial behaviours such as meditation and a consistent sleep routine.


Snoring is the noise resulting from vibrations of the soft plate found in the roof of the mouth. It can be aggravated by: alcohol (relaxes muscles), smoking (build up mucous), lying on the back (airway partially collapse).

Obstructive sleep apnoea (fall in the oxygen content of the blood) is a serious condition which restricts airflow to the lung during sleep and associated with loud snoring. Sudden inhalation of breath after cessation. If you have concerns make sure you get it checked with your GP.